Sinai Liberation Day
Location: All Egypt
In 1982, the Israeli occupiers of the Sinai began to return the land part by part to Egypt as agreed on in the Camp David agreement (1978) and later in the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel (1979).
The liberation of Sinai was completed in 1988 when President Mubarak hoisted the Egyptian flag in Taba, the last part of Sinai that was released.
Egypt worked towards the liberation of its occupied territories since 1967 using all means, through military action in October 1973, through political action and diplomacy in 1974, 1975, 1978 and 1979.
The liberation of Sinai is celebrated annually in the form of festivals on and around April 25th. As this period is not that long ago and has left many tracks in their lives, this day is celebrated by all Egyptians.
Sinai peninsula, in fact, occupies a distinctive position on the Egypt's map, as it locates the north eastern part of Egypt. From the east, it is bordered by el-Aqaba Gulf, and by Suez Canal from the west. The whole Sinai coast's length is about 870 Km, i.e, 30% of the total of Egypt's coasts (2400 Km).
Sinai's area, however, constitutes 6% of Egypt's area, about 61.000 Km square. It is deemed to be the land of minerals and wealth, as it harbours great deal of minerals and oilfields, cool, iron, cement, black and white sand, and exotic herbs.
The historical significance of Sinai could be simply ascribed to its unique spot, as it is the eastern gate of Egypt. Sinai has witnessed many wars for defending Egypt; the war between Ramses II and the Hittites, but also attested the oldest Qadsh peace treaty concluded in 1270 B.C.
The prophet's land and the cradle of divine messages is, also, Sinai, via which the Father of the prophets, "Ibrahim" had crossed. Furthermore, Sinai was the place in which Moses had spoken to God from Mount El-Tour. This holy land, in addition, had witnessed the Youssef's cross to Egypt , and the passing of the sacred family while in the Coptic time.
Islamic conquest to Egypt, however, has been realized at the hands of Amr Ibn Al-As through Sinai.
Sinai was and will remain the strategic spot for defending the homeland of Egypt, it has witnessed many severe wars; 1956, 1967 and 1973 wars.
The Egyptian diplomacy, as a matter of fact, played an important role in regaining Sinai, when President Sadat's initiative came to demonstrate the Egyptian desire to bring about peace. In November 1977, he visited Israel, then came Camp David's meetings to yield the 1979 peace accord between Egypt and Israel.
By virtue of such accord Israel withdrew from Sinai, but little Taba was claimed to be belonged to Israel. Egypt, never gave up but resorted to the international arbitration, which announced on September 29, 1988 that Taba, the cherished piece of Egypt's soil, is an Egyptian land.
Today, Sinai testifies the implementation of the national project (1994 - 2017) for developing all walks of life through the giant 75-billion plan.